STARLIGHT 10. TOPICS
I am going to talk about modern living.
Firstly, modern technology plays a huge role in our daily lives nowadays. Electrical appliances are used by many people all over the world without any thought because they have grown up with them. These appliances have made our lives easier in many ways and enabled fast communication and travel.
Our jobs influence the way we live because our financial status depends on our job. What we do for a living also affects our daily timetable too, for example some people work unsociable hours. Other people work in places that are a long distance from their home and they are unable to spend much time with their families.
In our daily lives, we all face our own difficulties. School children have the pressure of their studies and exams to pass and workers have deadlines to meet. Individually we have problems with our relationships, our health, transport and money. On a wider scale, the world faces serious issues such as global warming and international conflicts.
Leisure time is important for everyone and a huge industry has grown up to cater for it. Some people like to take regular holidays in places away from their homes. Others enjoy participating in sporting activities. There are theatres, cinemas, circuses, theme parks and a wide range of home entertainment that people enjoy in their free time.
I think modern living is exciting and challenging and we should do our best to make the most of our opportunities.
The ways in which technology makes our lives better.
I am going to talk about the ways in which technology makes our lives better.
Every day I use a computer, I watch the TV, I listen to music on my iPod and I text my friends on my mobile phone. I use the computer to do work for school – it’s much more convenient than looking at lots of books for information.
Instant access to information is important for students and for everyone.
Busy executives can conduct their business more efficiently and with Internet access in the home families can get information for anything they might need; from finding a plumber to
world news. With mobile phones and the Internet we have instant communication with friends and family all over the world.
Of course, it was my parents’ and grandparents’ generations that invented the technology we all use today. However, when they were younger they did not have access to it as we do today. We are very lucky to benefit from all these inventions and technological discoveries. They make global communication easy and we have a world of entertainment at our fingertips.
The importance of fashion in teenagers’ lives
I am going to talk about the importance of fashion in teenagers’ lives.
First of all my friends and I dress casually. Basically we wear what suits us and what we feel comfortable in and I think this is what influences our style choice. We all give each other advice on what suits us or not and help each other in this respect. Both boys and girls wear
jeans and trainers every day and we all wear T-shirts or shirts. Sometimes the girls wear tops with low necklines or they wear skirts instead of jeans.
As I have got older I have been able to make my own choice of clothes whereas previously I wore what my parents bought for me. I probably wear more colours now – I particularly like colourful socks!
I think my style says I am not extremely fashion conscious but I do take pride in my appearance.
Answers to questions for student B
· I think young people are generally concerned about fashion because it helps them feel more self
• I think designer labels are worth the price if it is a classic piece of clothing or footwear because you pay for excellent quality and the item will always look good. They are not worth the price if you are only going to wear it a few times because unless you have a lot of money it is a waste.
• People are often judged by others on what they wear because clothes give the first impression of a person. If someone is wearing old jeans to a job interview it will not give a good impression. I don’t judge people by the clothes they wear, I prefer to judge people by their character and their actions. However, I do notice people’s clothes if they are especially striking.
• I think fashion companies target girls and boys because they are in the business of selling clothes, shoes and accessories.
• Generally fashion goes round in cycles but every time it comes around it is adapted and in that way it becomes original so it is a combination of recycling old ideas and originality.
• Definitely. Celebrities influence teen style because they are role models for teenagers.
The best way to stay healthy
There are many ways to improve your health and one of the most important is regular exercise. One idea might be to go running. Another might be to play football. Of course, to exercise we need a healthy diet. We must have plenty of fruit and vegetables in our diet and drink at least eight glasses of water every day. Perhaps we should cut down on junk food and fizzy drinks. Home- made food and fruit juice is much better for us. We should go to the doctor regularly to get health checks.
The doctor can also give us good advice about how to prevent illnesses. Personally, I play a lot of team sports and eat a lot of fruit to keep in good health.
How can we protect the environment?
We must protect the environment. First, we must reduce pollution. One idea might be to use public transport and cut down on exhaust fumes. Then we might make factories put filters into their chimneys so that they don’t pollute the air as much. Also, it is very important to protect the countryside because it is home to a lot of wildlife. Let’s not forget that we get a lot of fresh food from farms in the countryside. People can save energy by switching off lights when they leave a room. They can also recycle as much as possible and not waste water. Governments need to pass more laws to reduce pollution and protect the environment. A good idea would be to run awareness campaigns so that everyone can learn how to help.
The environmental problem that I’m most concerned about is deforestation. Every day more and more rainforests are cut down for wood that is used to make things.
I worry about it because, even though these rainforests are far away, the effects will have a real impact on the planet. These trees are the natural habitat of many species and as a result those species are in danger of extinction.
Cutting them down means there is no protection from wind and rain so when the weather is bad, the ground is exposed. This can result in landslides and floods, some of which might be strong enough to damage or destroy villages. These trees also help clean the air, making the atmosphere healthier for everyone around the planet.
We need to reduce the number of trees cut down. Some ways of doing this are to cut down on the amount of paper we waste and to recycle as much as possible. Also, everyone should refuse to buy products that have too much packaging.
Our health and our life depend on the environment directly. We drink water, we breathe air, we eat vegetables and fruit. Our planet is our home. Pollution of the environment is the main problem. People often get ill and die because of it. Overpopulation, pollution and energy consumption have created such planet wide problems as massive deforestation, ozone holes, acid rains and the global warming. The world’s air, water, land is polluted. It needs our protection.
People start pollution. And one day our planet will become one big rubbish pit. The seas and rivers are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Air pollution is a very serious problem as well.
It is polluted with harmful substances. Nuclear power stations are great environmental threat.
We all know how tragic the consequences of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters are.
There are lots of measures to be done to prevent our planet from pollution.
We must plant greenery in big cities, we must remove factories out of the cities, we must create pollution control systems. Besides everyone should remember three important rules: reuse, reduce and recycle. In several countries there are organizations fighting for clear environment, “Green peace” for example.
I believe that public transport is very important in our everyday life because it is a convenient way to get to your destination. It is especially helpful for those who work in the city centres where taking a car is sometimes impossible. It is also very useful for teenagers since they do not have a driver’s license. It allows them to have some independence and not always rely on a parent or another adult to drive them around.
While not always perfect, public transport is quite reliable. There are timetables which tell you when the means of transport run and since the same routes are followed, you have a rough idea of how long it will take to get to your destination.
Many people have their own cars, and while it might be easier to use them in the evenings and at weekends, I believe that public transport is the best alternative for everyday life. It is less expensive to use public transport than pay for petrol and car maintenance. What is more, if more people used public transport our city streets would be less congested and there would be less pollution. So public transport is not only more economical, it also helps us protect our environment.
Interesting places to visit in Russia
Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late times. As one of the largest countries in the world, Russia can provide tourists with a wide range of experiences, from amazing walks on its glacier-capped mountains, to unforgettable moments spent on the shorelines of the oldest lake in Europe. Besides, Russia is home to several cultural activities and historical sites that make it perfect for tourists in search for a great travel destination.
Most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Saint Petersburg and Moscow. Tourists are attracted by their rich cultural heritage such as Hermitage and Tretyakov Gallery, famous theaters like Bolshoi and Mariinsky, ornate churches like Saint Basil's Cathedral, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Saint Isaac's Cathedral and Church of the Savior on Blood, impressive fortifications like Moscow Kremlin and Peter and Paul Fortress, beautiful squares like Red Square and Palace Square, and streets like Tverskaya and Nevsky Prospect.
One of the most popular tourist routes in Russia include a travel around the Golden Ring of ancient cities. The cities are famous for their rich history and ancient churches and have well the spirit of ancient and medieval Rus'. Also, tourists can take part in some authentic festivals when visiting these cities.
The host of 2014 Winter Olympics Sochi is known not only for its beaches and wonderful nature but wonderful ski resorts, like Krasnaya Polyana. The most famous natural tourist destination in Russia is Lake Baikal, named the Blue Eye of Siberia. This unique lake, oldest and deepest in the world, has crystal-clean waters and is surrounded by taiga-covered mountains.
Typical souvenirs include Matryoshka doll and other handicraft, samovars for water heating, ushanka and papaha warm hats, and fur clothes among other items. Russian vodka and caviar are among the food that attracts foreigners, along with honey, blini, pelmeni, borsch and other products and dishes of Russian cuisine.
Russia is so large that diverse regions and ethnic cultures of Russia offer many different food and souvenirs, and show a great variety of traditions, like Russian banya, Tatar Sabantuy, or Siberian shamanist rituals.
Your moments in Russia will be unforgettable, whether you spend your time exploring the Kremlin Wall in Moscow or riding a troika somewhere in central Russia.
Why is Russia a popular tourist destination?
Which places would you recommend to someone visiting Russia?
What advice can you give tourists visiting Russia?
Russian and British food
An English breakfast is a very big meal made up of fried food that is high in protein whereas the Russian blini and kasha are high in carbohydrates as they are made from grains. They are both better than leaving the house after only a quick cup of coffee.
In both Russia and England there is traditional fast food that has been available for decades and it is available on the streets. In Russia a traditional fast food is pirozhki which is a type of small pie, but in England people often eat fish and chips or just a portion of chips when they are out and about. Pirozhki are probably easier to eat than fish and chips when you are wandering around.
Healthy Fast Food
Fast food doesn’t have to be unhealthy. People living hectic lives with busy schedules need to maintain good health and energy levels. Snacking on seeds, fruit and nuts can help maintain high energy levels. Nature has provided these neatly packaged. Take a banana for example, simply unpeel it and you have a very healthy snack that contains no fat, sodium or cholesterol.
Bananas contain minerals and vitamins that help control blood pressure and are good for the muscles in your body. Many athletes snack on bananas when they are competing because they are also easy to digest.
If you are looking for more than just a snack, you can still choose fast food if you choose wisely. In fact there are hidden benefits in many fast foods. For example, Japanese sushi and sashimi have high levels of omega-3 oils which are good for the heart and the brain.
Eating habits in your country
I am going to talk about eating habits in my country. There is a Russian proverb that says “shchi and kasha are our food” meaning that all we need to survive are cabbage soup and porridge. However we do eat different things too!
For breakfast, we might have a bowl of kasha (which is a type of porridge) or eggs or even a sandwich with a cup of tea or coffee.
Soups are very popular in Russia and we have soups for every season and every occasion. Salads are also popular and depending on the season these could be made from cabbage or pickled vegetables and may include meat, fish or eggs with a dressing of mayonnaise. These foods are
very healthy because they are made with natural, nutritious ingredients.
These days more people do eat fast foods for convenience though, especially in the big cities and this is not so healthy.
Personally I prefer to eat at home generally, because home cooking is better, and you know what is in it. For special occasions we sometimes go to a restaurant. In the city there is a wide range of restaurants offering food from all over the world. We like to try different international cuisine for special occasions.
I love eating blini too and whenever there is a holiday we make lots of them. If it is a very special occasion we put caviar on them and they are simply the best.
How to save energy at home
There are a number of ways to save energy in the home. Firstly, when you leave a room always turn the lights out to save on electricity. Also, keep the thermostat at a reasonable temperature to save on heating. In addition, make sure you turn off all appliances when not in use.Secondly, it’s important to conserve water. Have showers instead of baths and make sure taps are working properly so they don’t drip. We can all do our part to save energy. Use resources wisely.
The role of leisure activities in people’s lives
I’m going to talk about the role of leisure activities in people’s lives. Most people’s lives are full of personal challenges. These vary from person to person according to their circumstances but everyone feels stress at some time. To balance this, we need to spend time on leisure activities which help us relax. Doctors say that when we relax, our bodies can repair any damage the stress causes.
Leisure activities such as team sports or clubs give us the opportunity to spend time with other people who share the same interest. We all need the support and friendship of other people and it is important to find time to develop our friendships and spend time with other people. If we do not do this we can become lonely and feel isolated.
Not only are leisure activities a good way to socialize but they can also be educational; for example learning to play a musical instrument or a craft. Learning how to do it is interesting and can be fun and as we become more skilful we enjoy a sense of achievement. A skill can always be improved and we can enjoy the pleasure of making something or playing music for ourselves and for others too.
I enjoy swimming and playing badminton, they keep me fit and make me feel full of energy. I also enjoy reading as it is a great way to lose myself in another world and forget about my problems. A good film also does the same and if I have been studying a lot I find watching a film very relaxing.
Sport is probably as old as the humanity itself. It has been developing with the developing and growth of the mankind. All over the world people of different ages are very fond of sports and games. Sport not only helps people to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more organized and better disciplined in their daily activities. It makes for a healthy mind in a healthy body. Sports help people to keep in good health.
We all need to exercise. Even if you don't plan to make a career in sport you still have to practice. Regular exercises gives you more energy. That is why many people who suffer from general tiredness should take more exercise than more rest. Exercise makes you feel and look better.
The best exercise is one which involves in repeated movements, those are: walking, jogging or swimming. Bending and stretching will add flexibility and feeling of lightness.
Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming, volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics, figure skating. A person can choose sports and games for any season, for any taste.
My favourite sport is cycling. Sports help people in lots of ways. The greatest benefit of sports is that they help us keep in shape. Also, when we play team sports we learn how to work together to achieve a common goal. Sports teach us to deal with both success and failure and how to balance competitiveness with fun. Finally, sports bring people together and help us to relax.
1. Why is sport so important in our life?
2. Do all the people need exercise?
3. What should people who suffer from general tiredness do?
4. How does exercise change you?
5. What kind of exercise is the best?
6. What sports are popular in our country?
humanity — человечество
activity — деятельность
to make for — способствовать
health — здоровье
to exercise — упражняться
tiredness — усталость
flexibility — гибкость